Type: Views on gender roles in general
Citation: Bogale, B.; Wondafrash, M.; Tilahun, T.; Girma, E. Married women's decision making power on modern contraceptive use in urban and rural southern Ethiopia. Public Health. 2011; 11: 1-7.
Use of Scale: Measure
Level of Generality: General
# of Items Reported: 10
Theme: Gender/social norms, SRH/HIV
Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
Urban / Rural: nr
Ethnicity: "Majority of the ethnic group is Dawro."
Age Group: Includes adolescents (<18)
Age Range: 15 to 49
# of Subscales: NR
Subscale Name(s): NR
Direction and Meaning:
Response Range: Agree, neutral, or disagree
Internal Consistency: 0.82
Internal Consistency by Subgroup: NA
Test-retest Reliability: NA
Sample Items: A woman needs her husband's permission to use any contraceptive method
A woman needs her husband’s permission to use any contraceptive method
Measured Outcome(s): Contraception
Detailed Outcome(s) Description
Different for current users, ever users, and non-users. Current users: mean score calculated from 6 questions, scores above mean are “better,” scores below mean are “worse.” Ever users: mean score calculated from 6 questions, scores above mean are “better,” scores below mean are “worse.” Non-users: binary (reason for nonuse is opposition from others = 0, otherwise = 1)
Statistical Method (Most Adjusted)
Reference group for gender indicator
Equitable vs. not equitable gender attitudes
Urban: Women with gender equitable attitudes were four times as likely to decide on the use of modern contraceptives than those with inequitable attitudes (OR = 4.0, 95% CI: 2.36-6.81). Rural: There was no association between gender equitable attitudes and the ability to decide on modern contraceptives in the rural sample (effect coefficient not reported).
Summary association oriented to reflect the following relationships: Positive association: indicates more equitable views or division of power and greater contraceptive use or more inequitable views/division of power and lower contraceptive use; Inverse association: reflects more equitable gender views/division of power and lower contraceptive use.
Inconsistent positive association