Type: Relationship power/ control
Citation: Firestone JM, Harris RJ, and Vega WA. The impact of gender role ideology, male expectancies, and acculturation on wife abuse. Int J Law Psych. 2003; 25(3): 549-564.
Use of Scale: Measure
Level of Generality: Individual
# of Items Reported: 2
Theme: Gender/social norms, Violence, Other
Region: North America
Urban / Rural: nr
Ethnicity: Mexican American and Mexican national women
Age Group: Can't tell
Age Range: NR
# of Subscales: NR
Subscale Name(s): NR
Direction and Meaning:
Response Range: First item: male has final say, female has final say, both; Second item: strongly agree, agree, disagree, and strongly disagree
Internal Consistency: NA
Internal Consistency by Subgroup: NA
Test-retest Reliability: NA
Sample Items: Who has the final say in major decisions? My (spouse/partner) insists on (his/her) own way.
- Who has the final say in major decisions?
- My (spouse/partner) insists on (his/her) own way.
Measured Outcome(s): IPV perpetration
Psychological, physical or sexual IPV victimization
Detailed Outcome(s) Description
Current spouse/partner and anyone other than current spouse/partner ever committed psychological, threatening, physical, or sexual abuse
Statistical Method (Most Adjusted)
Reference group for gender indicator
Spouse decides vs other; egalitarian vs. other; spouse gets own way vs. other
Bivariate or Multivariate Analysis?
Whether the spouse decides about major decisions was not significantly associated with abuse victimization among women in the study. Egalitarian decision-making was significantly associated with lower abuse victimization (Beta coefficient = -0.066, SD = 0.038, p < 0.05). A woman’s partner getting his own way was significantly associated with greater likelihood of abuse as well (Beta coefficient = 0.176, SD = 0.028, p < 0.01).
Summary association oriented to reflect the following relationships: Positive association: indicates more inequitable gender views/ divisions of power and greater IPV perpetration; Positive association (reverse coded): reflects more equitable gender views/division of power and lower IPV perpetration; Inverse association: reflects more inequitable gender views/division of power and lower IPV perpetration
Inconsistent positive association (reverse coded)
Gender roles, acculturation, acculturation stress, own way, education, family income, share family income, age, egalitarian, spouse decides, acculturation * gender role