Type: Views on gender roles in general: gender hostile beliefs
Citation: Chrisler J, Gorman JA, Marván ML, Johnston-Robledo I. Ambivalent sexism and attitudes toward women in different stages of reproductive life: a semantic, cross-cultural approach. Health Care Women Int. 2013; 35: 634-657.
Use of Scale: Measure
Level of Generality: General
# of Items Reported: 22
Theme: Gender/social norms
Region: North America, Latin America & Caribbean
Country: USA, Mexico
Urban / Rural: nr
Ethnicity: US: 82.29% European American, 4.16% African American, 2,08% Asian American, 1.04% Latino/a, and 3.13% Other
Age Group: Includes adolescents (<18)
Age Range: Mexico: 17 to 24; US: 18 to 22
# of Subscales: 2
Subscale Name(s): Hostile sexism; Benevolent sexism
Direction and Meaning:
Response Range: 6-point Likert-type scale (Value is not indicated)
Internal Consistency: Cronbach's alpha: 0.79 for Mexican sample and 0.73 for US sample
Internal Consistency by Subgroup: NA
Test-retest Reliability: NA
Sample Items: "Women are too easily offended"; "Women, as compared to men, tend to have a more refined sense of culture and good taste"
- Benevolent sexism
- Women should be cherished and protected by men
- Women, as compared to men, tend to have a more refined sense of culture and good taste
- Men should sacrifice to provide for women
- Irrespective of how much they have accomplished, men feel incomplete without women
- Hostile sexism
- There are actually very few women who get a kick out of teasing men by seeming sexually available and then refusing male advances
- Women are too easily offended
- Women exaggerate problems they have at work
- Most women do not fully appreciate all that men do for them.
- Women seek to gain power by getting control over men.