Type: Views on gender roles in general: gender hostile beliefs
Citation: Yamawaki, N. Rape perception and the function of ambivalent sexism and gender-role traditionality. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2007; 22(4): 406-423.
Use of Scale: Measure
Level of Generality: General
# of Items Reported: 22
Theme: Gender/social norms, SRH/HIV, Violence
Region: North America
Urban / Rural: nr
Ethnicity: White or Caucasian: 89%; Hispanic or Latino: 6%; Asian American: 4%; African American: 1%
Age Group: Adults only (18+)
Age Range: 18 to 26
# of Subscales: 2
Subscale Name(s): Hostile Sexism (HS); Benevolent Sexism (BS)
Direction and Meaning:
Response Range: 6 point Likert Scale ranging from 0 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree)
Internal Consistency: NA
Internal Consistency by Subgroup: NA
Test-retest Reliability: NA
Sample Items: "Women should be cherished and protected by men."
- Women should be cherished and protected by men.
- When women lose to men in fair competitions, they typically complain about being discriminated against.