Type: Acceptance of IPV
Citation: Decker MR, Miller E, Raj A, Saggurti N, Donta B, and Silverman JG. Indian men's use of commercial sex workers: prevalence, condom use, and related gender attitudes. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010; 53(2): 240-246.
Use of Scale: Measure
Level of Generality: General
# of Items Reported: 7
Theme: SRH/HIV, Gender/social norms
Region: South Asia
Urban / Rural: nr
Age Group: Includes adolescents (<18)
Age Range: 15 to 54
# of Subscales: NR
Subscale Name(s): NR
Direction and Meaning:
Response Range: No; Don't know or depends; Yes
Internal Consistency: Cronbach's alpha: 0.83
Internal Consistency by Subgroup: NA
Test-retest Reliability: NA
Sample Items: Asked if husbands were justified in hitting or beating wives across seven contexts: E.g., "if she neglects the house or children"
- Respondents were asked if husbands were justified in hitting or beating their wives across seven contexts, e.g., if she neglects the house or the children.
Measured Outcome(s): Condom
Inconsistent condom use
Detailed Outcome(s) Description
Inconsistent condom use with commercial sex worker (CSW) in past 12 months. Any report of condom non-use w/ a CSW as one of their 3 most recent sexual contacts or in the past 12 months
Statistical Method (Most Adjusted)
Reference group for gender indicator
High vs. low justification for wife abuse
Bivariate or Multivariate Analysis?
Among men in India who reported engaging in transactional sex in the past-year, higher endorsement of violence against women was associated with greater likelihood for inconsistent condom use with a commercial sex worker (OR: 1.46 (95%CI: 0.80, 2.66), p=0.211).
Summary association oriented to reflect the following relationships: Positive association: indicates more equitable views or division of power and greater condom use or more inequitable views/division of power and lower condom use; Inverse association: reflects more equitable gender views/division of power and lower condom use.
Age, education, urban residence, marital status, religion, household wealth