Description of Scale Information Headings
Original or most commonly used scale name. In some cases, some or all scale items may belong to an existing scale, but an alternate scale name was used by the study authors. In these cases, the ‘standard’ (original or most common) scale standard name was applied to allow for identification of scales that use or modify the same scale.
Underlying broad construct reflected by scale description and/or majority of scale items. See our About page for detailed description of scale types.
Whether the sample population is adult only (ages 18+) or inclusive of adolescents (ages 10 to 18). ‘Unclear’ is listed if the age range of the sample is not reported.
Use of scale
How the study used the scale. The purpose could be: (a) to validate, or establish the psychometric properties of the scale (either for the first time or in a new population), (b) to assess the prevalence of the construct measured by the scale or to quantify its association with another outcome of interest, or (c) both (a) and (b).
Level of generality
Whether the scale refers to the individual level, such as respondent’s own personal adherence to norms, own behavioral intentions, or feelings related to gender norms and roles, or to more general levels, such as how women or men should behave, look, or feel.
# of items
Lists total number of questions in scale. Refers to final version of scale if multiple versions are described in the article.
Whether full scale items, partial items or no scale items are included in article.
Whether the gender scale was measured in association with a hormonal contraceptive method, condom use, intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and/or perpetration, or another type of sexual and reproductive health outcome.
Urban / rural
Setting where study conducted. Options are: urban, rural, peri-urban or informal settlement.
Racial/ethnic composition of study sample where scale was used.
Age range of sample population in which the measure was used. If the age range was not reported, other information such as mean, median age or interquartile range (IQR) may be listed.
Number of sub-scales
Number of subscales (or dimensions) that compose the total scale (if any).
Name for each subscale measured in the article.
Scale response range
Participant response options for the scale.
Scale validity and reliability
Information on the internal consistency reliability, or the degree to which the scale items measure the same general construct, of the scale in the study sample. Typically measured with Cronbach’s Alpha, or average inter-item correlation, with higher score reflecting greater internal consistency reliability (range from 0 to 1).
Degree to which scale results are consistently measured over time. Higher score indicating higher reliability over time (range 0 to 1).